What precision and recall are?

What precision and recall are?

 

After the predictive model has been finished, the most important question is: How good is it? Does it predict well?

Evaluating the model is one of the most important tasks in the data science project,  it indicates how good predictions are. Very often for classification problems we look at metrics called precision and recall, to define them in detail let’s quickly introduce confusion matrix first.

Confusion Matrix for binary classification is made of four simple ratios:

  • True Negative(TN): case was true negative and predicted negative
  • True Positive(TP): case was true positive and predicted positive
  • False Negative(FN): case was true positive but predicted negative
  • False Positive(FP): case was true negative but predicted positive

 

https://onlinedatasciencecourses.com

 

Understanding the confusion matrix, calculating precision and recall is easy.

 

Precision – is the ratio of correctly predicted positive observations to the total predicted positive observations, or what percent of positive predictions were correct?

Precision = TP/TP+FP

 

Recall – also called sensitivity, is the ratio of correctly predicted positive observations to all observations in actual class – yes, or what percent of the positive cases did you catch?

Recall = TP/TP+FN

 

There are also two more useful matrices coming from confusion matrix,  Accuracy – correctly predicted observation to the total observations and F1 score the weighted average of Precision and Recall. Although intuitively it is not as easy to understand as accuracy, the F1 score is usually more useful than accuracy, especially if you have an uneven class distribution.

Example Python Code to get Precision and Recall:

 

from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression
from sklearn import datasets
from sklearn.cross_validation import train_test_split
from sklearn.metrics import precision_recall_fscore_support as score

data = datasets.load_iris()
X = data['data']
y = data['target']

X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.3, random_state=0)

model = LogisticRegression()
model.fit(X_train,y_train)
preds = model.predict(X_test)

precision, recall, fscore, support = score(y_test, preds)

print('precision:',precision)
print('recall:',recall)

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If you want to look for more information, check some free online courses available at   coursera.orgedx.org or udemy.com.

Recommended reading list:

 

Data Science from Scratch: First Principles with Python

Data science libraries, frameworks, modules, and toolkits are great for doing data science, but they’re also a good way to dive into the discipline without actually understanding data science. In this book, you’ll learn how many of the most fundamental data science tools and algorithms work by implementing them from scratch.

If you have an aptitude for mathematics and some programming skills, author Joel Grus will help you get comfortable with the math and statistics at the core of data science, and with hacking skills you need to get started as a data scientist. Today’s messy glut of data holds answers to questions no one’s even thought to ask. This book provides you with the know-how to dig those answers out.

Get a crash course in Python
Learn the basics of linear algebra, statistics, and probability—and understand how and when they're used in data science
Collect, explore, clean, munge, and manipulate data
Dive into the fundamentals of machine learning
Implement models such as k-nearest Neighbors, Naive Bayes, linear and logistic regression, decision trees, neural networks, and clustering
Explore recommender systems, natural language processing, network analysis, MapReduce, and databases
Practical Statistics for Data Scientists: 50 Essential Concepts

Statistical methods are a key part of of data science, yet very few data scientists have any formal statistics training. Courses and books on basic statistics rarely cover the topic from a data science perspective. This practical guide explains how to apply various statistical methods to data science, tells you how to avoid their misuse, and gives you advice on what's important and what's not.

Many data science resources incorporate statistical methods but lack a deeper statistical perspective. If you’re familiar with the R programming language, and have some exposure to statistics, this quick reference bridges the gap in an accessible, readable format.

With this book, you’ll learn:

Why exploratory data analysis is a key preliminary step in data science
How random sampling can reduce bias and yield a higher quality dataset, even with big data
How the principles of experimental design yield definitive answers to questions
How to use regression to estimate outcomes and detect anomalies
Key classification techniques for predicting which categories a record belongs to
Statistical machine learning methods that “learn” from data
Unsupervised learning methods for extracting meaning from unlabeled data
Doing Data Science: Straight Talk from the Frontline

Now that people are aware that data can make the difference in an election or a business model, data science as an occupation is gaining ground. But how can you get started working in a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary field that’s so clouded in hype? This insightful book, based on Columbia University’s Introduction to Data Science class, tells you what you need to know.

In many of these chapter-long lectures, data scientists from companies such as Google, Microsoft, and eBay share new algorithms, methods, and models by presenting case studies and the code they use. If you’re familiar with linear algebra, probability, and statistics, and have programming experience, this book is an ideal introduction to data science.

Topics include:

Statistical inference, exploratory data analysis, and the data science process
Algorithms
Spam filters, Naive Bayes, and data wrangling
Logistic regression
Financial modeling
Recommendation engines and causality
Data visualization
Social networks and data journalism
Data engineering, MapReduce, Pregel, and Hadoop
The Data Science Handbook: Advice and Insights from 25 Amazing Data Scientists

The Data Science Handbook contains interviews with 25 of the world s best data scientists. We sat down with them, had in-depth conversations about their careers, personal stories, perspectives on data science and life advice. In The Data Science Handbook, you will find war stories from DJ Patil, US Chief Data Officer and one of the founders of the field. You ll learn industry veterans such as Kevin Novak and Riley Newman, who head the data science teams at Uber and Airbnb respectively. You ll also read about rising data scientists such as Clare Corthell, who crafted her own open source data science masters program. This book is perfect for aspiring or current data scientists to learn from the best. It s a reference book packed full of strategies, suggestions and recipes to launch and grow your own data science career.
Introduction to Machine Learning with Python: A Guide for Data Scientists

Machine learning has become an integral part of many commercial applications and research projects, but this field is not exclusive to large companies with extensive research teams. If you use Python, even as a beginner, this book will teach you practical ways to build your own machine learning solutions. With all the data available today, machine learning applications are limited only by your imagination.

You’ll learn the steps necessary to create a successful machine-learning application with Python and the scikit-learn library. Authors Andreas Müller and Sarah Guido focus on the practical aspects of using machine learning algorithms, rather than the math behind them. Familiarity with the NumPy and matplotlib libraries will help you get even more from this book.

With this book, you’ll learn:

Fundamental concepts and applications of machine learning
Advantages and shortcomings of widely used machine learning algorithms
How to represent data processed by machine learning, including which data aspects to focus on
Advanced methods for model evaluation and parameter tuning
The concept of pipelines for chaining models and encapsulating your workflow
Methods for working with text data, including text-specific processing techniques
Suggestions for improving your machine learning and data science skills

What is Hadoop YARN?

Hadoop YARN is the architectural center of Hadoop that allows multiple data processing engines such as interactive SQL, real-time streaming, data science and batch processing to handle data stored on a single platform, unlocking an entirely new approach to analytics. YARN is the foundation of the new generation of Hadoop and is enabling organizations everywhere to realize a modern data architecture. YARN also extends the power of Hadoop to incumbent and new technologies found within the data center so that they can take advantage of cost effective, linear-scale storage and processing. It provides ISVs and developers a consistent framework for writing data access applications that run IN Hadoop. As its architectural center, YARN enhances a Hadoop compute cluster in the following ways: Multitenancy, Cluster utilization, Scalability and Compatibility. Multi-tenant data processing improves an enterprises’ return on Hadoop investments. YARNs dynamic allocation of cluster resources improves utilization over more static MapReduce rules. YARN’s resource manager focuses exclusively on scheduling and keeps pace as clusters expand to thousands of nodes. Existing MapReduce applications developed for Hadoop 1 can run YARN without any disruptions to the processes that already work.

Was the above useful? Please share with others on social media.

If you want to look for more information, check some free online courses available at   coursera.orgedx.org or udemy.com.

Recommended reading list:

 

Hadoop: The Definitive Guide: Storage and Analysis at Internet Scale

Get ready to unlock the power of your data. With the fourth edition of this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

Using Hadoop 2 exclusively, author Tom White presents new chapters on YARN and several Hadoop-related projects such as Parquet, Flume, Crunch, and Spark. You’ll learn about recent changes to Hadoop, and explore new case studies on Hadoop’s role in healthcare systems and genomics data processing.

Learn fundamental components such as MapReduce, HDFS, and YARN
Explore MapReduce in depth, including steps for developing applications with it
Set up and maintain a Hadoop cluster running HDFS and MapReduce on YARN
Learn two data formats: Avro for data serialization and Parquet for nested data
Use data ingestion tools such as Flume (for streaming data) and Sqoop (for bulk data transfer)
Understand how high-level data processing tools like Pig, Hive, Crunch, and Spark work with Hadoop
Learn the HBase distributed database and the ZooKeeper distributed configuration service
Hadoop Application Architectures: Designing Real-World Big Data Applications

Get expert guidance on architecting end-to-end data management solutions with Apache Hadoop. While many sources explain how to use various components in the Hadoop ecosystem, this practical book takes you through architectural considerations necessary to tie those components together into a complete tailored application, based on your particular use case.
To reinforce those lessons, the second section provides detailed examples of architectures used in some of the most commonly found Hadoop applications. Whether designing a new Hadoop application or planning to integrate Hadoop into your existing data infrastructure, Hadoop Application Architectures will skillfully guide you through the process.
This book covers:
Factors to consider when using Hadoop to store and model data
Best practices for moving data in and out of the system
Data processing frameworks, including MapReduce, Spark, and Hive
Common Hadoop processing patterns, such as removing duplicate records and using windowing analytics
Giraph, GraphX, and other tools for large graph processing on Hadoop
Using workflow orchestration and scheduling tools such as Apache Oozie
Near-real-time stream processing with Apache Storm, Apache Spark Streaming, and Apache Flume
Architecture examples for clickstream analysis, fraud detection, and data warehousing
Data Analytics with Hadoop: An Introduction for Data Scientists

Ready to use statistical and machine-learning techniques across large data sets? This practical guide shows you why the Hadoop ecosystem is perfect for the job. Instead of deployment, operations, or software development usually associated with distributed computing, you’ll focus on particular analyses you can build, the data warehousing techniques that Hadoop provides, and higher order data workflows this framework can produce.

Data scientists and analysts will learn how to perform a wide range of techniques, from writing MapReduce and Spark applications with Python to using advanced modeling and data management with Spark MLlib, Hive, and HBase. You’ll also learn about the analytical processes and data systems available to build and empower data products that can handle—and actually require—huge amounts of data.

Understand core concepts behind Hadoop and cluster computing
Use design patterns and parallel analytical algorithms to create distributed data analysis jobs
Learn about data management, mining, and warehousing in a distributed context using Apache Hive and HBase
Use Sqoop and Apache Flume to ingest data from relational databases
Program complex Hadoop and Spark applications with Apache Pig and Spark DataFrames
Perform machine learning techniques such as classification, clustering, and collaborative filtering with Spark’s MLlib
Hadoop: The Definitive Guide

Ready to unlock the power of your data? With this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

You’ll find illuminating case studies that demonstrate how Hadoop is used to solve specific problems. This third edition covers recent changes to Hadoop, including material on the new MapReduce API, as well as MapReduce 2 and its more flexible execution model (YARN).

Store large datasets with the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Run distributed computations with MapReduce
Use Hadoop’s data and I/O building blocks for compression, data integrity, serialization (including Avro), and persistence
Discover common pitfalls and advanced features for writing real-world MapReduce programs
Design, build, and administer a dedicated Hadoop cluster—or run Hadoop in the cloud
Load data from relational databases into HDFS, using Sqoop
Perform large-scale data processing with the Pig query language
Analyze datasets with Hive, Hadoop’s data warehousing system
Take advantage of HBase for structured and semi-structured data, and ZooKeeper for building distributed systems
Hadoop 2 Quick-Start Guide: Learn the Essentials of Big Data Computing in the Apache Hadoop 2 Ecosystem (Addison-Wesley Data & Analytics)

With Hadoop 2.x and YARN, Hadoop moves beyond MapReduce to become practical for virtually any type of data processing. Hadoop 2.x and the Data Lake concept represent a radical shift away from conventional approaches to data usage and storage. Hadoop 2.x installations offer unmatched scalability and breakthrough extensibility that supports new and existing Big Data analytics processing methods and models.

Hadoop® 2 Quick-Start Guide is the first easy, accessible guide to Apache Hadoop 2.x, YARN, and the modern Hadoop ecosystem. Building on his unsurpassed experience teaching Hadoop and Big Data, author Douglas Eadline covers all the basics you need to know to install and use Hadoop 2 on personal computers or servers, and to navigate the powerful technologies that complement it.

Eadline concisely introduces and explains every key Hadoop 2 concept, tool, and service, illustrating each with a simple “beginning-to-end” example and identifying trustworthy, up-to-date resources for learning more.

This guide is ideal if you want to learn about Hadoop 2 without getting mired in technical details. Douglas Eadline will bring you up to speed quickly, whether you’re a user, admin, devops specialist, programmer, architect, analyst, or data scientist.

Coverage Includes
Understanding what Hadoop 2 and YARN do, and how they improve on Hadoop 1 with MapReduce
Understanding Hadoop-based Data Lakes versus RDBMS Data Warehouses
Installing Hadoop 2 and core services on Linux machines, virtualized sandboxes, or clusters
Exploring the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Understanding the essentials of MapReduce and YARN application programming
Simplifying programming and data movement with Apache Pig, Hive, Sqoop, Flume, Oozie, and HBase
Observing application progress, controlling jobs, and managing workflows
Managing Hadoop efficiently with Apache Ambari–including recipes for HDFS to NFSv3 gateway, HDFS snapshots, and YARN configuration
Learning basic Hadoop 2 troubleshooting, and installing Apache Hue and Apache Spark

What is Hadoop Flume?

Hadoop Flume was created in the course of incubator Apache project to allow you to flow data from a source into your Hadoop environment. In Flume, the entities you work with are called sources, decorators, and sinks. A source can be any data source, and Flume has many predefined source adapters. A sink is the target of a specific operation (and in Flume, among other paradigms that use this term, the sink of one operation can be the source for the next downstream operation). A decorator is an operation on the stream that can transform the stream in some manner, which could be to compress or uncompress data, modify data by adding or removing pieces of information, and more. Flume allows you a number of different configurations and topologies, allowing you to choose the right setup for your application. Flume is a distributed system which runs across multiple machines. It can collect large volumes of data from many applications and systems. It includes mechanisms for load balancing and failover, and it can be extended and customized in many ways. Flume is a scalable, reliable, configurable and extensible system for management the movement of large volumes of data.

Was the above useful? Please share with others on social media.

If you want to look for more information, check some free online courses available at   coursera.orgedx.org or udemy.com.

Recommended reading list:

 

Hadoop: The Definitive Guide: Storage and Analysis at Internet Scale

Get ready to unlock the power of your data. With the fourth edition of this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

Using Hadoop 2 exclusively, author Tom White presents new chapters on YARN and several Hadoop-related projects such as Parquet, Flume, Crunch, and Spark. You’ll learn about recent changes to Hadoop, and explore new case studies on Hadoop’s role in healthcare systems and genomics data processing.

Learn fundamental components such as MapReduce, HDFS, and YARN
Explore MapReduce in depth, including steps for developing applications with it
Set up and maintain a Hadoop cluster running HDFS and MapReduce on YARN
Learn two data formats: Avro for data serialization and Parquet for nested data
Use data ingestion tools such as Flume (for streaming data) and Sqoop (for bulk data transfer)
Understand how high-level data processing tools like Pig, Hive, Crunch, and Spark work with Hadoop
Learn the HBase distributed database and the ZooKeeper distributed configuration service
Hadoop Application Architectures: Designing Real-World Big Data Applications

Get expert guidance on architecting end-to-end data management solutions with Apache Hadoop. While many sources explain how to use various components in the Hadoop ecosystem, this practical book takes you through architectural considerations necessary to tie those components together into a complete tailored application, based on your particular use case.
To reinforce those lessons, the second section provides detailed examples of architectures used in some of the most commonly found Hadoop applications. Whether designing a new Hadoop application or planning to integrate Hadoop into your existing data infrastructure, Hadoop Application Architectures will skillfully guide you through the process.
This book covers:
Factors to consider when using Hadoop to store and model data
Best practices for moving data in and out of the system
Data processing frameworks, including MapReduce, Spark, and Hive
Common Hadoop processing patterns, such as removing duplicate records and using windowing analytics
Giraph, GraphX, and other tools for large graph processing on Hadoop
Using workflow orchestration and scheduling tools such as Apache Oozie
Near-real-time stream processing with Apache Storm, Apache Spark Streaming, and Apache Flume
Architecture examples for clickstream analysis, fraud detection, and data warehousing
Data Analytics with Hadoop: An Introduction for Data Scientists

Ready to use statistical and machine-learning techniques across large data sets? This practical guide shows you why the Hadoop ecosystem is perfect for the job. Instead of deployment, operations, or software development usually associated with distributed computing, you’ll focus on particular analyses you can build, the data warehousing techniques that Hadoop provides, and higher order data workflows this framework can produce.

Data scientists and analysts will learn how to perform a wide range of techniques, from writing MapReduce and Spark applications with Python to using advanced modeling and data management with Spark MLlib, Hive, and HBase. You’ll also learn about the analytical processes and data systems available to build and empower data products that can handle—and actually require—huge amounts of data.

Understand core concepts behind Hadoop and cluster computing
Use design patterns and parallel analytical algorithms to create distributed data analysis jobs
Learn about data management, mining, and warehousing in a distributed context using Apache Hive and HBase
Use Sqoop and Apache Flume to ingest data from relational databases
Program complex Hadoop and Spark applications with Apache Pig and Spark DataFrames
Perform machine learning techniques such as classification, clustering, and collaborative filtering with Spark’s MLlib
Hadoop: The Definitive Guide

Ready to unlock the power of your data? With this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

You’ll find illuminating case studies that demonstrate how Hadoop is used to solve specific problems. This third edition covers recent changes to Hadoop, including material on the new MapReduce API, as well as MapReduce 2 and its more flexible execution model (YARN).

Store large datasets with the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Run distributed computations with MapReduce
Use Hadoop’s data and I/O building blocks for compression, data integrity, serialization (including Avro), and persistence
Discover common pitfalls and advanced features for writing real-world MapReduce programs
Design, build, and administer a dedicated Hadoop cluster—or run Hadoop in the cloud
Load data from relational databases into HDFS, using Sqoop
Perform large-scale data processing with the Pig query language
Analyze datasets with Hive, Hadoop’s data warehousing system
Take advantage of HBase for structured and semi-structured data, and ZooKeeper for building distributed systems
Hadoop 2 Quick-Start Guide: Learn the Essentials of Big Data Computing in the Apache Hadoop 2 Ecosystem (Addison-Wesley Data & Analytics)

With Hadoop 2.x and YARN, Hadoop moves beyond MapReduce to become practical for virtually any type of data processing. Hadoop 2.x and the Data Lake concept represent a radical shift away from conventional approaches to data usage and storage. Hadoop 2.x installations offer unmatched scalability and breakthrough extensibility that supports new and existing Big Data analytics processing methods and models.

Hadoop® 2 Quick-Start Guide is the first easy, accessible guide to Apache Hadoop 2.x, YARN, and the modern Hadoop ecosystem. Building on his unsurpassed experience teaching Hadoop and Big Data, author Douglas Eadline covers all the basics you need to know to install and use Hadoop 2 on personal computers or servers, and to navigate the powerful technologies that complement it.

Eadline concisely introduces and explains every key Hadoop 2 concept, tool, and service, illustrating each with a simple “beginning-to-end” example and identifying trustworthy, up-to-date resources for learning more.

This guide is ideal if you want to learn about Hadoop 2 without getting mired in technical details. Douglas Eadline will bring you up to speed quickly, whether you’re a user, admin, devops specialist, programmer, architect, analyst, or data scientist.

Coverage Includes
Understanding what Hadoop 2 and YARN do, and how they improve on Hadoop 1 with MapReduce
Understanding Hadoop-based Data Lakes versus RDBMS Data Warehouses
Installing Hadoop 2 and core services on Linux machines, virtualized sandboxes, or clusters
Exploring the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Understanding the essentials of MapReduce and YARN application programming
Simplifying programming and data movement with Apache Pig, Hive, Sqoop, Flume, Oozie, and HBase
Observing application progress, controlling jobs, and managing workflows
Managing Hadoop efficiently with Apache Ambari–including recipes for HDFS to NFSv3 gateway, HDFS snapshots, and YARN configuration
Learning basic Hadoop 2 troubleshooting, and installing Apache Hue and Apache Spark

What is Apache Kafka?

Apache Kafka is an open-source stream processing platform developed by the Apache Software Foundation written in Scala and Java. The project aims to provide a unified, high-throughput, low-latency platform for handling real-time data feeds. Its storage layer is essentially a “massively scalable pub/sub message queue architected as a distributed transaction log, making it highly valuable for enterprise infrastructures to process streaming data. Additionally, Kafka connects to external systems (for data import/export) via Kafka Connect and provides Kafka Streams, a Java stream processing library. The design is heavily influenced by transaction logs. Apache Kafka was originally developed by LinkedIn and was subsequently open sourced in early 2011. Graduation from the Apache Incubator occurred on 23 October 2012. Due to its widespread integration into enterprise-level infrastructures, monitoring Kafka performance at scale has become an increasingly important issue. Monitoring end-to-end performance requires tracking metrics from brokers, consumer, and producers, in addition to monitoring ZooKeeper, which is used by Kafka for coordination among consumers. There are currently several monitoring platforms to track Kafka performance, both open-source, like LinkedIn’s Burrow, as well as paid, like Datadog. In addition to these platforms, collecting Kafka data can also be performed using tools commonly bundled with Java, including JConsole.

Was the above useful? Please share with others on social media.

If you want to look for more information, check some free online courses available at   coursera.orgedx.org or udemy.com.

Recommended reading list:

 

Hadoop: The Definitive Guide: Storage and Analysis at Internet Scale

Get ready to unlock the power of your data. With the fourth edition of this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

Using Hadoop 2 exclusively, author Tom White presents new chapters on YARN and several Hadoop-related projects such as Parquet, Flume, Crunch, and Spark. You’ll learn about recent changes to Hadoop, and explore new case studies on Hadoop’s role in healthcare systems and genomics data processing.

Learn fundamental components such as MapReduce, HDFS, and YARN
Explore MapReduce in depth, including steps for developing applications with it
Set up and maintain a Hadoop cluster running HDFS and MapReduce on YARN
Learn two data formats: Avro for data serialization and Parquet for nested data
Use data ingestion tools such as Flume (for streaming data) and Sqoop (for bulk data transfer)
Understand how high-level data processing tools like Pig, Hive, Crunch, and Spark work with Hadoop
Learn the HBase distributed database and the ZooKeeper distributed configuration service
Hadoop Application Architectures: Designing Real-World Big Data Applications

Get expert guidance on architecting end-to-end data management solutions with Apache Hadoop. While many sources explain how to use various components in the Hadoop ecosystem, this practical book takes you through architectural considerations necessary to tie those components together into a complete tailored application, based on your particular use case.
To reinforce those lessons, the second section provides detailed examples of architectures used in some of the most commonly found Hadoop applications. Whether designing a new Hadoop application or planning to integrate Hadoop into your existing data infrastructure, Hadoop Application Architectures will skillfully guide you through the process.
This book covers:
Factors to consider when using Hadoop to store and model data
Best practices for moving data in and out of the system
Data processing frameworks, including MapReduce, Spark, and Hive
Common Hadoop processing patterns, such as removing duplicate records and using windowing analytics
Giraph, GraphX, and other tools for large graph processing on Hadoop
Using workflow orchestration and scheduling tools such as Apache Oozie
Near-real-time stream processing with Apache Storm, Apache Spark Streaming, and Apache Flume
Architecture examples for clickstream analysis, fraud detection, and data warehousing
Data Analytics with Hadoop: An Introduction for Data Scientists

Ready to use statistical and machine-learning techniques across large data sets? This practical guide shows you why the Hadoop ecosystem is perfect for the job. Instead of deployment, operations, or software development usually associated with distributed computing, you’ll focus on particular analyses you can build, the data warehousing techniques that Hadoop provides, and higher order data workflows this framework can produce.

Data scientists and analysts will learn how to perform a wide range of techniques, from writing MapReduce and Spark applications with Python to using advanced modeling and data management with Spark MLlib, Hive, and HBase. You’ll also learn about the analytical processes and data systems available to build and empower data products that can handle—and actually require—huge amounts of data.

Understand core concepts behind Hadoop and cluster computing
Use design patterns and parallel analytical algorithms to create distributed data analysis jobs
Learn about data management, mining, and warehousing in a distributed context using Apache Hive and HBase
Use Sqoop and Apache Flume to ingest data from relational databases
Program complex Hadoop and Spark applications with Apache Pig and Spark DataFrames
Perform machine learning techniques such as classification, clustering, and collaborative filtering with Spark’s MLlib
Hadoop: The Definitive Guide

Ready to unlock the power of your data? With this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

You’ll find illuminating case studies that demonstrate how Hadoop is used to solve specific problems. This third edition covers recent changes to Hadoop, including material on the new MapReduce API, as well as MapReduce 2 and its more flexible execution model (YARN).

Store large datasets with the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Run distributed computations with MapReduce
Use Hadoop’s data and I/O building blocks for compression, data integrity, serialization (including Avro), and persistence
Discover common pitfalls and advanced features for writing real-world MapReduce programs
Design, build, and administer a dedicated Hadoop cluster—or run Hadoop in the cloud
Load data from relational databases into HDFS, using Sqoop
Perform large-scale data processing with the Pig query language
Analyze datasets with Hive, Hadoop’s data warehousing system
Take advantage of HBase for structured and semi-structured data, and ZooKeeper for building distributed systems
Hadoop 2 Quick-Start Guide: Learn the Essentials of Big Data Computing in the Apache Hadoop 2 Ecosystem (Addison-Wesley Data & Analytics)

With Hadoop 2.x and YARN, Hadoop moves beyond MapReduce to become practical for virtually any type of data processing. Hadoop 2.x and the Data Lake concept represent a radical shift away from conventional approaches to data usage and storage. Hadoop 2.x installations offer unmatched scalability and breakthrough extensibility that supports new and existing Big Data analytics processing methods and models.

Hadoop® 2 Quick-Start Guide is the first easy, accessible guide to Apache Hadoop 2.x, YARN, and the modern Hadoop ecosystem. Building on his unsurpassed experience teaching Hadoop and Big Data, author Douglas Eadline covers all the basics you need to know to install and use Hadoop 2 on personal computers or servers, and to navigate the powerful technologies that complement it.

Eadline concisely introduces and explains every key Hadoop 2 concept, tool, and service, illustrating each with a simple “beginning-to-end” example and identifying trustworthy, up-to-date resources for learning more.

This guide is ideal if you want to learn about Hadoop 2 without getting mired in technical details. Douglas Eadline will bring you up to speed quickly, whether you’re a user, admin, devops specialist, programmer, architect, analyst, or data scientist.

Coverage Includes
Understanding what Hadoop 2 and YARN do, and how they improve on Hadoop 1 with MapReduce
Understanding Hadoop-based Data Lakes versus RDBMS Data Warehouses
Installing Hadoop 2 and core services on Linux machines, virtualized sandboxes, or clusters
Exploring the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Understanding the essentials of MapReduce and YARN application programming
Simplifying programming and data movement with Apache Pig, Hive, Sqoop, Flume, Oozie, and HBase
Observing application progress, controlling jobs, and managing workflows
Managing Hadoop efficiently with Apache Ambari–including recipes for HDFS to NFSv3 gateway, HDFS snapshots, and YARN configuration
Learning basic Hadoop 2 troubleshooting, and installing Apache Hue and Apache Spark

What is Hadoop Zookeeper?

Hadoop Zookeeper is an open source Apache™ project that provides a centralized infrastructure and services that enable synchronization across a cluster. ZooKeeper maintains common objects needed in large cluster environments. Examples of these objects include configuration information, hierarchical naming space, etc. Applications can leverage these services to coordinate distributed processing across large clusters. Name services, group services, synchronization services, configuration management, and more, are available in Zookeeper, which means that each of these projects can embed ZooKeeper without having to build synchronization services from scratch into each project. Interaction with ZooKeeper occurs via Java or C interfaces time. Within ZooKeeper, an application can create what is called a znode (a file that persists in memory on the ZooKeeper servers). The znode can be updated by any node in the cluster, and any node in the cluster can register to be informed of changes to that znode (in ZooKeeper parlance, a server can be set up to “watch” a specific znode). Using this znode infrastructure, applications can synchronize their tasks across the distributed cluster by updating their status in a ZooKeeper znode. This cluster-wide status centralization service is essential for management and serialization tasks across a large distributed set of servers.

Was the above useful? Please share with others on social media.

If you want to look for more information, check some free online courses available at   coursera.orgedx.org or udemy.com.

Recommended reading list:

 

Hadoop: The Definitive Guide: Storage and Analysis at Internet Scale

Get ready to unlock the power of your data. With the fourth edition of this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

Using Hadoop 2 exclusively, author Tom White presents new chapters on YARN and several Hadoop-related projects such as Parquet, Flume, Crunch, and Spark. You’ll learn about recent changes to Hadoop, and explore new case studies on Hadoop’s role in healthcare systems and genomics data processing.

Learn fundamental components such as MapReduce, HDFS, and YARN
Explore MapReduce in depth, including steps for developing applications with it
Set up and maintain a Hadoop cluster running HDFS and MapReduce on YARN
Learn two data formats: Avro for data serialization and Parquet for nested data
Use data ingestion tools such as Flume (for streaming data) and Sqoop (for bulk data transfer)
Understand how high-level data processing tools like Pig, Hive, Crunch, and Spark work with Hadoop
Learn the HBase distributed database and the ZooKeeper distributed configuration service
Hadoop Application Architectures: Designing Real-World Big Data Applications

Get expert guidance on architecting end-to-end data management solutions with Apache Hadoop. While many sources explain how to use various components in the Hadoop ecosystem, this practical book takes you through architectural considerations necessary to tie those components together into a complete tailored application, based on your particular use case.
To reinforce those lessons, the second section provides detailed examples of architectures used in some of the most commonly found Hadoop applications. Whether designing a new Hadoop application or planning to integrate Hadoop into your existing data infrastructure, Hadoop Application Architectures will skillfully guide you through the process.
This book covers:
Factors to consider when using Hadoop to store and model data
Best practices for moving data in and out of the system
Data processing frameworks, including MapReduce, Spark, and Hive
Common Hadoop processing patterns, such as removing duplicate records and using windowing analytics
Giraph, GraphX, and other tools for large graph processing on Hadoop
Using workflow orchestration and scheduling tools such as Apache Oozie
Near-real-time stream processing with Apache Storm, Apache Spark Streaming, and Apache Flume
Architecture examples for clickstream analysis, fraud detection, and data warehousing
Data Analytics with Hadoop: An Introduction for Data Scientists

Ready to use statistical and machine-learning techniques across large data sets? This practical guide shows you why the Hadoop ecosystem is perfect for the job. Instead of deployment, operations, or software development usually associated with distributed computing, you’ll focus on particular analyses you can build, the data warehousing techniques that Hadoop provides, and higher order data workflows this framework can produce.

Data scientists and analysts will learn how to perform a wide range of techniques, from writing MapReduce and Spark applications with Python to using advanced modeling and data management with Spark MLlib, Hive, and HBase. You’ll also learn about the analytical processes and data systems available to build and empower data products that can handle—and actually require—huge amounts of data.

Understand core concepts behind Hadoop and cluster computing
Use design patterns and parallel analytical algorithms to create distributed data analysis jobs
Learn about data management, mining, and warehousing in a distributed context using Apache Hive and HBase
Use Sqoop and Apache Flume to ingest data from relational databases
Program complex Hadoop and Spark applications with Apache Pig and Spark DataFrames
Perform machine learning techniques such as classification, clustering, and collaborative filtering with Spark’s MLlib
Hadoop: The Definitive Guide

Ready to unlock the power of your data? With this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

You’ll find illuminating case studies that demonstrate how Hadoop is used to solve specific problems. This third edition covers recent changes to Hadoop, including material on the new MapReduce API, as well as MapReduce 2 and its more flexible execution model (YARN).

Store large datasets with the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Run distributed computations with MapReduce
Use Hadoop’s data and I/O building blocks for compression, data integrity, serialization (including Avro), and persistence
Discover common pitfalls and advanced features for writing real-world MapReduce programs
Design, build, and administer a dedicated Hadoop cluster—or run Hadoop in the cloud
Load data from relational databases into HDFS, using Sqoop
Perform large-scale data processing with the Pig query language
Analyze datasets with Hive, Hadoop’s data warehousing system
Take advantage of HBase for structured and semi-structured data, and ZooKeeper for building distributed systems
Hadoop 2 Quick-Start Guide: Learn the Essentials of Big Data Computing in the Apache Hadoop 2 Ecosystem (Addison-Wesley Data & Analytics)

With Hadoop 2.x and YARN, Hadoop moves beyond MapReduce to become practical for virtually any type of data processing. Hadoop 2.x and the Data Lake concept represent a radical shift away from conventional approaches to data usage and storage. Hadoop 2.x installations offer unmatched scalability and breakthrough extensibility that supports new and existing Big Data analytics processing methods and models.

Hadoop® 2 Quick-Start Guide is the first easy, accessible guide to Apache Hadoop 2.x, YARN, and the modern Hadoop ecosystem. Building on his unsurpassed experience teaching Hadoop and Big Data, author Douglas Eadline covers all the basics you need to know to install and use Hadoop 2 on personal computers or servers, and to navigate the powerful technologies that complement it.

Eadline concisely introduces and explains every key Hadoop 2 concept, tool, and service, illustrating each with a simple “beginning-to-end” example and identifying trustworthy, up-to-date resources for learning more.

This guide is ideal if you want to learn about Hadoop 2 without getting mired in technical details. Douglas Eadline will bring you up to speed quickly, whether you’re a user, admin, devops specialist, programmer, architect, analyst, or data scientist.

Coverage Includes
Understanding what Hadoop 2 and YARN do, and how they improve on Hadoop 1 with MapReduce
Understanding Hadoop-based Data Lakes versus RDBMS Data Warehouses
Installing Hadoop 2 and core services on Linux machines, virtualized sandboxes, or clusters
Exploring the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Understanding the essentials of MapReduce and YARN application programming
Simplifying programming and data movement with Apache Pig, Hive, Sqoop, Flume, Oozie, and HBase
Observing application progress, controlling jobs, and managing workflows
Managing Hadoop efficiently with Apache Ambari–including recipes for HDFS to NFSv3 gateway, HDFS snapshots, and YARN configuration
Learning basic Hadoop 2 troubleshooting, and installing Apache Hue and Apache Spark

What is Hadoop Hbase?

Hadoop Hbase is a column-oriented database management system that runs on top of HDFS. It is well suited for sparse data sets, which are common in many big data use cases. An HBase system comprises a set of tables. Each table contains rows and columns, much like a traditional database. Each table must have an element defined as a Primary Key, and all access attempts to HBase tables must use this Primary Key. HBase allows for many attributes to be grouped together into what are known as column families, such that the elements of a column family are all stored together. This is different from a row-oriented relational database, where all the columns of a given row are stored together. HBase is very flexible and therefore able to adapt to changing application requirements. HBase is built on concepts similar to those of MapReduce and HDFS (NameNode and slave nodes). In HBase a master node manages the cluster and region servers store portions of the tables and perform the work on the data. In the same way HDFS has some enterprise concerns due to the availability of the NameNode, HBase is also sensitive to the loss of its master node.

Was the above useful? Please share with others on social media.

If you want to look for more information, check some free online courses available at   coursera.orgedx.org or udemy.com.

Recommended reading list:

 

Hadoop: The Definitive Guide: Storage and Analysis at Internet Scale

Get ready to unlock the power of your data. With the fourth edition of this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

Using Hadoop 2 exclusively, author Tom White presents new chapters on YARN and several Hadoop-related projects such as Parquet, Flume, Crunch, and Spark. You’ll learn about recent changes to Hadoop, and explore new case studies on Hadoop’s role in healthcare systems and genomics data processing.

Learn fundamental components such as MapReduce, HDFS, and YARN
Explore MapReduce in depth, including steps for developing applications with it
Set up and maintain a Hadoop cluster running HDFS and MapReduce on YARN
Learn two data formats: Avro for data serialization and Parquet for nested data
Use data ingestion tools such as Flume (for streaming data) and Sqoop (for bulk data transfer)
Understand how high-level data processing tools like Pig, Hive, Crunch, and Spark work with Hadoop
Learn the HBase distributed database and the ZooKeeper distributed configuration service
Hadoop Application Architectures: Designing Real-World Big Data Applications

Get expert guidance on architecting end-to-end data management solutions with Apache Hadoop. While many sources explain how to use various components in the Hadoop ecosystem, this practical book takes you through architectural considerations necessary to tie those components together into a complete tailored application, based on your particular use case.
To reinforce those lessons, the second section provides detailed examples of architectures used in some of the most commonly found Hadoop applications. Whether designing a new Hadoop application or planning to integrate Hadoop into your existing data infrastructure, Hadoop Application Architectures will skillfully guide you through the process.
This book covers:
Factors to consider when using Hadoop to store and model data
Best practices for moving data in and out of the system
Data processing frameworks, including MapReduce, Spark, and Hive
Common Hadoop processing patterns, such as removing duplicate records and using windowing analytics
Giraph, GraphX, and other tools for large graph processing on Hadoop
Using workflow orchestration and scheduling tools such as Apache Oozie
Near-real-time stream processing with Apache Storm, Apache Spark Streaming, and Apache Flume
Architecture examples for clickstream analysis, fraud detection, and data warehousing
Data Analytics with Hadoop: An Introduction for Data Scientists

Ready to use statistical and machine-learning techniques across large data sets? This practical guide shows you why the Hadoop ecosystem is perfect for the job. Instead of deployment, operations, or software development usually associated with distributed computing, you’ll focus on particular analyses you can build, the data warehousing techniques that Hadoop provides, and higher order data workflows this framework can produce.

Data scientists and analysts will learn how to perform a wide range of techniques, from writing MapReduce and Spark applications with Python to using advanced modeling and data management with Spark MLlib, Hive, and HBase. You’ll also learn about the analytical processes and data systems available to build and empower data products that can handle—and actually require—huge amounts of data.

Understand core concepts behind Hadoop and cluster computing
Use design patterns and parallel analytical algorithms to create distributed data analysis jobs
Learn about data management, mining, and warehousing in a distributed context using Apache Hive and HBase
Use Sqoop and Apache Flume to ingest data from relational databases
Program complex Hadoop and Spark applications with Apache Pig and Spark DataFrames
Perform machine learning techniques such as classification, clustering, and collaborative filtering with Spark’s MLlib
Hadoop: The Definitive Guide

Ready to unlock the power of your data? With this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

You’ll find illuminating case studies that demonstrate how Hadoop is used to solve specific problems. This third edition covers recent changes to Hadoop, including material on the new MapReduce API, as well as MapReduce 2 and its more flexible execution model (YARN).

Store large datasets with the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Run distributed computations with MapReduce
Use Hadoop’s data and I/O building blocks for compression, data integrity, serialization (including Avro), and persistence
Discover common pitfalls and advanced features for writing real-world MapReduce programs
Design, build, and administer a dedicated Hadoop cluster—or run Hadoop in the cloud
Load data from relational databases into HDFS, using Sqoop
Perform large-scale data processing with the Pig query language
Analyze datasets with Hive, Hadoop’s data warehousing system
Take advantage of HBase for structured and semi-structured data, and ZooKeeper for building distributed systems
Hadoop 2 Quick-Start Guide: Learn the Essentials of Big Data Computing in the Apache Hadoop 2 Ecosystem (Addison-Wesley Data & Analytics)

With Hadoop 2.x and YARN, Hadoop moves beyond MapReduce to become practical for virtually any type of data processing. Hadoop 2.x and the Data Lake concept represent a radical shift away from conventional approaches to data usage and storage. Hadoop 2.x installations offer unmatched scalability and breakthrough extensibility that supports new and existing Big Data analytics processing methods and models.

Hadoop® 2 Quick-Start Guide is the first easy, accessible guide to Apache Hadoop 2.x, YARN, and the modern Hadoop ecosystem. Building on his unsurpassed experience teaching Hadoop and Big Data, author Douglas Eadline covers all the basics you need to know to install and use Hadoop 2 on personal computers or servers, and to navigate the powerful technologies that complement it.

Eadline concisely introduces and explains every key Hadoop 2 concept, tool, and service, illustrating each with a simple “beginning-to-end” example and identifying trustworthy, up-to-date resources for learning more.

This guide is ideal if you want to learn about Hadoop 2 without getting mired in technical details. Douglas Eadline will bring you up to speed quickly, whether you’re a user, admin, devops specialist, programmer, architect, analyst, or data scientist.

Coverage Includes
Understanding what Hadoop 2 and YARN do, and how they improve on Hadoop 1 with MapReduce
Understanding Hadoop-based Data Lakes versus RDBMS Data Warehouses
Installing Hadoop 2 and core services on Linux machines, virtualized sandboxes, or clusters
Exploring the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Understanding the essentials of MapReduce and YARN application programming
Simplifying programming and data movement with Apache Pig, Hive, Sqoop, Flume, Oozie, and HBase
Observing application progress, controlling jobs, and managing workflows
Managing Hadoop efficiently with Apache Ambari–including recipes for HDFS to NFSv3 gateway, HDFS snapshots, and YARN configuration
Learning basic Hadoop 2 troubleshooting, and installing Apache Hue and Apache Spark

What is Hadoop Sqoop?

Hadoop Sqoop efficiently transfers bulk data between Apache Hadoop and structured datastores such as relational databases. Sqoop helps offload certain tasks (such as ETL processing) from the EDW to Hadoop for efficient execution at a much lower cost. Sqoop can also be used to extract data from Hadoop and export it into external structured datastores. Sqoop works with relational databases such as Teradata, Netezza, Oracle, MySQL, Postgres, and HSQLDB. Sqoop does the following to integrate bulk data movement between Hadoop and structured datastores: Import sequential datasets from a mainframe, parallel data transfer, fast data copies, efficient data analysis, load balancing.

Was the above useful? Please share with others on social media.

If you want to look for more information, check some free online courses available at   coursera.orgedx.org or udemy.com.

Recommended reading list:

 

Hadoop: The Definitive Guide: Storage and Analysis at Internet Scale

Get ready to unlock the power of your data. With the fourth edition of this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

Using Hadoop 2 exclusively, author Tom White presents new chapters on YARN and several Hadoop-related projects such as Parquet, Flume, Crunch, and Spark. You’ll learn about recent changes to Hadoop, and explore new case studies on Hadoop’s role in healthcare systems and genomics data processing.

Learn fundamental components such as MapReduce, HDFS, and YARN
Explore MapReduce in depth, including steps for developing applications with it
Set up and maintain a Hadoop cluster running HDFS and MapReduce on YARN
Learn two data formats: Avro for data serialization and Parquet for nested data
Use data ingestion tools such as Flume (for streaming data) and Sqoop (for bulk data transfer)
Understand how high-level data processing tools like Pig, Hive, Crunch, and Spark work with Hadoop
Learn the HBase distributed database and the ZooKeeper distributed configuration service
Hadoop Application Architectures: Designing Real-World Big Data Applications

Get expert guidance on architecting end-to-end data management solutions with Apache Hadoop. While many sources explain how to use various components in the Hadoop ecosystem, this practical book takes you through architectural considerations necessary to tie those components together into a complete tailored application, based on your particular use case.
To reinforce those lessons, the second section provides detailed examples of architectures used in some of the most commonly found Hadoop applications. Whether designing a new Hadoop application or planning to integrate Hadoop into your existing data infrastructure, Hadoop Application Architectures will skillfully guide you through the process.
This book covers:
Factors to consider when using Hadoop to store and model data
Best practices for moving data in and out of the system
Data processing frameworks, including MapReduce, Spark, and Hive
Common Hadoop processing patterns, such as removing duplicate records and using windowing analytics
Giraph, GraphX, and other tools for large graph processing on Hadoop
Using workflow orchestration and scheduling tools such as Apache Oozie
Near-real-time stream processing with Apache Storm, Apache Spark Streaming, and Apache Flume
Architecture examples for clickstream analysis, fraud detection, and data warehousing
Data Analytics with Hadoop: An Introduction for Data Scientists

Ready to use statistical and machine-learning techniques across large data sets? This practical guide shows you why the Hadoop ecosystem is perfect for the job. Instead of deployment, operations, or software development usually associated with distributed computing, you’ll focus on particular analyses you can build, the data warehousing techniques that Hadoop provides, and higher order data workflows this framework can produce.

Data scientists and analysts will learn how to perform a wide range of techniques, from writing MapReduce and Spark applications with Python to using advanced modeling and data management with Spark MLlib, Hive, and HBase. You’ll also learn about the analytical processes and data systems available to build and empower data products that can handle—and actually require—huge amounts of data.

Understand core concepts behind Hadoop and cluster computing
Use design patterns and parallel analytical algorithms to create distributed data analysis jobs
Learn about data management, mining, and warehousing in a distributed context using Apache Hive and HBase
Use Sqoop and Apache Flume to ingest data from relational databases
Program complex Hadoop and Spark applications with Apache Pig and Spark DataFrames
Perform machine learning techniques such as classification, clustering, and collaborative filtering with Spark’s MLlib
Hadoop: The Definitive Guide

Ready to unlock the power of your data? With this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

You’ll find illuminating case studies that demonstrate how Hadoop is used to solve specific problems. This third edition covers recent changes to Hadoop, including material on the new MapReduce API, as well as MapReduce 2 and its more flexible execution model (YARN).

Store large datasets with the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Run distributed computations with MapReduce
Use Hadoop’s data and I/O building blocks for compression, data integrity, serialization (including Avro), and persistence
Discover common pitfalls and advanced features for writing real-world MapReduce programs
Design, build, and administer a dedicated Hadoop cluster—or run Hadoop in the cloud
Load data from relational databases into HDFS, using Sqoop
Perform large-scale data processing with the Pig query language
Analyze datasets with Hive, Hadoop’s data warehousing system
Take advantage of HBase for structured and semi-structured data, and ZooKeeper for building distributed systems
Hadoop 2 Quick-Start Guide: Learn the Essentials of Big Data Computing in the Apache Hadoop 2 Ecosystem (Addison-Wesley Data & Analytics)

With Hadoop 2.x and YARN, Hadoop moves beyond MapReduce to become practical for virtually any type of data processing. Hadoop 2.x and the Data Lake concept represent a radical shift away from conventional approaches to data usage and storage. Hadoop 2.x installations offer unmatched scalability and breakthrough extensibility that supports new and existing Big Data analytics processing methods and models.

Hadoop® 2 Quick-Start Guide is the first easy, accessible guide to Apache Hadoop 2.x, YARN, and the modern Hadoop ecosystem. Building on his unsurpassed experience teaching Hadoop and Big Data, author Douglas Eadline covers all the basics you need to know to install and use Hadoop 2 on personal computers or servers, and to navigate the powerful technologies that complement it.

Eadline concisely introduces and explains every key Hadoop 2 concept, tool, and service, illustrating each with a simple “beginning-to-end” example and identifying trustworthy, up-to-date resources for learning more.

This guide is ideal if you want to learn about Hadoop 2 without getting mired in technical details. Douglas Eadline will bring you up to speed quickly, whether you’re a user, admin, devops specialist, programmer, architect, analyst, or data scientist.

Coverage Includes
Understanding what Hadoop 2 and YARN do, and how they improve on Hadoop 1 with MapReduce
Understanding Hadoop-based Data Lakes versus RDBMS Data Warehouses
Installing Hadoop 2 and core services on Linux machines, virtualized sandboxes, or clusters
Exploring the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Understanding the essentials of MapReduce and YARN application programming
Simplifying programming and data movement with Apache Pig, Hive, Sqoop, Flume, Oozie, and HBase
Observing application progress, controlling jobs, and managing workflows
Managing Hadoop efficiently with Apache Ambari–including recipes for HDFS to NFSv3 gateway, HDFS snapshots, and YARN configuration
Learning basic Hadoop 2 troubleshooting, and installing Apache Hue and Apache Spark

What is Hadoop Hive?

Hadoop Hive is a runtime Hadoop support structure that allows anyone who is already fluent with SQL (which is commonplace for relational data-base developers) to leverage the Hadoop platform right out of the gate. Hive allows SQL developers to write Hive Query Language (HQL) statements that are similar to standard SQL statements. HQL is limited in the commands it understands, but it is still useful. HQL statements are broken down by the Hive service into MapReduce jobs and executed across a Hadoop cluster. Hive looks very much like traditional database code with SQL access. However, because Hive is based on Hadoop and MapReduce operations, there are several key differences. The first is that Hadoop is intended for long sequential scans, and because Hive is based on Hadoop, the queries have a very high latency (many minutes). This makes Hive not appropriate for applications that need very fast response times, as required by a database such as DB2. Finally, Hive is read-based and therefore not appropriate for transaction processing that typically involves a high percentage of write operations.

Was the above useful? Please share with others on social media.

If you want to look for more information, check some free online courses available at   coursera.orgedx.org or udemy.com.

Recommended reading list:

 

Hadoop: The Definitive Guide: Storage and Analysis at Internet Scale

Get ready to unlock the power of your data. With the fourth edition of this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

Using Hadoop 2 exclusively, author Tom White presents new chapters on YARN and several Hadoop-related projects such as Parquet, Flume, Crunch, and Spark. You’ll learn about recent changes to Hadoop, and explore new case studies on Hadoop’s role in healthcare systems and genomics data processing.

Learn fundamental components such as MapReduce, HDFS, and YARN
Explore MapReduce in depth, including steps for developing applications with it
Set up and maintain a Hadoop cluster running HDFS and MapReduce on YARN
Learn two data formats: Avro for data serialization and Parquet for nested data
Use data ingestion tools such as Flume (for streaming data) and Sqoop (for bulk data transfer)
Understand how high-level data processing tools like Pig, Hive, Crunch, and Spark work with Hadoop
Learn the HBase distributed database and the ZooKeeper distributed configuration service
Hadoop Application Architectures: Designing Real-World Big Data Applications

Get expert guidance on architecting end-to-end data management solutions with Apache Hadoop. While many sources explain how to use various components in the Hadoop ecosystem, this practical book takes you through architectural considerations necessary to tie those components together into a complete tailored application, based on your particular use case.
To reinforce those lessons, the second section provides detailed examples of architectures used in some of the most commonly found Hadoop applications. Whether designing a new Hadoop application or planning to integrate Hadoop into your existing data infrastructure, Hadoop Application Architectures will skillfully guide you through the process.
This book covers:
Factors to consider when using Hadoop to store and model data
Best practices for moving data in and out of the system
Data processing frameworks, including MapReduce, Spark, and Hive
Common Hadoop processing patterns, such as removing duplicate records and using windowing analytics
Giraph, GraphX, and other tools for large graph processing on Hadoop
Using workflow orchestration and scheduling tools such as Apache Oozie
Near-real-time stream processing with Apache Storm, Apache Spark Streaming, and Apache Flume
Architecture examples for clickstream analysis, fraud detection, and data warehousing
Data Analytics with Hadoop: An Introduction for Data Scientists

Ready to use statistical and machine-learning techniques across large data sets? This practical guide shows you why the Hadoop ecosystem is perfect for the job. Instead of deployment, operations, or software development usually associated with distributed computing, you’ll focus on particular analyses you can build, the data warehousing techniques that Hadoop provides, and higher order data workflows this framework can produce.

Data scientists and analysts will learn how to perform a wide range of techniques, from writing MapReduce and Spark applications with Python to using advanced modeling and data management with Spark MLlib, Hive, and HBase. You’ll also learn about the analytical processes and data systems available to build and empower data products that can handle—and actually require—huge amounts of data.

Understand core concepts behind Hadoop and cluster computing
Use design patterns and parallel analytical algorithms to create distributed data analysis jobs
Learn about data management, mining, and warehousing in a distributed context using Apache Hive and HBase
Use Sqoop and Apache Flume to ingest data from relational databases
Program complex Hadoop and Spark applications with Apache Pig and Spark DataFrames
Perform machine learning techniques such as classification, clustering, and collaborative filtering with Spark’s MLlib
Hadoop: The Definitive Guide

Ready to unlock the power of your data? With this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn how to build and maintain reliable, scalable, distributed systems with Apache Hadoop. This book is ideal for programmers looking to analyze datasets of any size, and for administrators who want to set up and run Hadoop clusters.

You’ll find illuminating case studies that demonstrate how Hadoop is used to solve specific problems. This third edition covers recent changes to Hadoop, including material on the new MapReduce API, as well as MapReduce 2 and its more flexible execution model (YARN).

Store large datasets with the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Run distributed computations with MapReduce
Use Hadoop’s data and I/O building blocks for compression, data integrity, serialization (including Avro), and persistence
Discover common pitfalls and advanced features for writing real-world MapReduce programs
Design, build, and administer a dedicated Hadoop cluster—or run Hadoop in the cloud
Load data from relational databases into HDFS, using Sqoop
Perform large-scale data processing with the Pig query language
Analyze datasets with Hive, Hadoop’s data warehousing system
Take advantage of HBase for structured and semi-structured data, and ZooKeeper for building distributed systems
Hadoop 2 Quick-Start Guide: Learn the Essentials of Big Data Computing in the Apache Hadoop 2 Ecosystem (Addison-Wesley Data & Analytics)

With Hadoop 2.x and YARN, Hadoop moves beyond MapReduce to become practical for virtually any type of data processing. Hadoop 2.x and the Data Lake concept represent a radical shift away from conventional approaches to data usage and storage. Hadoop 2.x installations offer unmatched scalability and breakthrough extensibility that supports new and existing Big Data analytics processing methods and models.

Hadoop® 2 Quick-Start Guide is the first easy, accessible guide to Apache Hadoop 2.x, YARN, and the modern Hadoop ecosystem. Building on his unsurpassed experience teaching Hadoop and Big Data, author Douglas Eadline covers all the basics you need to know to install and use Hadoop 2 on personal computers or servers, and to navigate the powerful technologies that complement it.

Eadline concisely introduces and explains every key Hadoop 2 concept, tool, and service, illustrating each with a simple “beginning-to-end” example and identifying trustworthy, up-to-date resources for learning more.

This guide is ideal if you want to learn about Hadoop 2 without getting mired in technical details. Douglas Eadline will bring you up to speed quickly, whether you’re a user, admin, devops specialist, programmer, architect, analyst, or data scientist.

Coverage Includes
Understanding what Hadoop 2 and YARN do, and how they improve on Hadoop 1 with MapReduce
Understanding Hadoop-based Data Lakes versus RDBMS Data Warehouses
Installing Hadoop 2 and core services on Linux machines, virtualized sandboxes, or clusters
Exploring the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
Understanding the essentials of MapReduce and YARN application programming
Simplifying programming and data movement with Apache Pig, Hive, Sqoop, Flume, Oozie, and HBase
Observing application progress, controlling jobs, and managing workflows
Managing Hadoop efficiently with Apache Ambari–including recipes for HDFS to NFSv3 gateway, HDFS snapshots, and YARN configuration
Learning basic Hadoop 2 troubleshooting, and installing Apache Hue and Apache Spark

What is Hadoop Pig?

Hadoop Pig was initially developed at Yahoo to allow people using Hadoop to focus more on analyzing large datasets and spend less time writing mappers and reduce programs. This would allow people to do what they want to do instead of thinking about mapper and reducer tasks. Name Pig was given to the programming language with a hint on it being designed to handle any kind of data, which has a resemblance to an actual pig, who eat almost anything.
Pig is made up of two components: the first is the language itself, which is called PigLatin, and the second is a runtime environment where PigLatin programs are executed. The program written in Pig can be split into three stages: LOAD, Transformations, and DUMP. First, you load the data you want to manipulate from HDFS. Then you run the data through a set of transformations (which subsequently are translated into a set of mapper and reducer tasks). Finally, you DUMP the data to the screen or you STORE the results in a file somewhere.

Was the above useful? Please share with others on social media.

If you want to look for more information, check some free online courses available at   coursera.orgedx.org or udemy.com.

Recommended reading list:

 

Data Science from Scratch: First Principles with Python

Data science libraries, frameworks, modules, and toolkits are great for doing data science, but they’re also a good way to dive into the discipline without actually understanding data science. In this book, you’ll learn how many of the most fundamental data science tools and algorithms work by implementing them from scratch.

If you have an aptitude for mathematics and some programming skills, author Joel Grus will help you get comfortable with the math and statistics at the core of data science, and with hacking skills you need to get started as a data scientist. Today’s messy glut of data holds answers to questions no one’s even thought to ask. This book provides you with the know-how to dig those answers out.

Get a crash course in Python
Learn the basics of linear algebra, statistics, and probability—and understand how and when they're used in data science
Collect, explore, clean, munge, and manipulate data
Dive into the fundamentals of machine learning
Implement models such as k-nearest Neighbors, Naive Bayes, linear and logistic regression, decision trees, neural networks, and clustering
Explore recommender systems, natural language processing, network analysis, MapReduce, and databases
Practical Statistics for Data Scientists: 50 Essential Concepts

Statistical methods are a key part of of data science, yet very few data scientists have any formal statistics training. Courses and books on basic statistics rarely cover the topic from a data science perspective. This practical guide explains how to apply various statistical methods to data science, tells you how to avoid their misuse, and gives you advice on what's important and what's not.

Many data science resources incorporate statistical methods but lack a deeper statistical perspective. If you’re familiar with the R programming language, and have some exposure to statistics, this quick reference bridges the gap in an accessible, readable format.

With this book, you’ll learn:

Why exploratory data analysis is a key preliminary step in data science
How random sampling can reduce bias and yield a higher quality dataset, even with big data
How the principles of experimental design yield definitive answers to questions
How to use regression to estimate outcomes and detect anomalies
Key classification techniques for predicting which categories a record belongs to
Statistical machine learning methods that “learn” from data
Unsupervised learning methods for extracting meaning from unlabeled data
Doing Data Science: Straight Talk from the Frontline

Now that people are aware that data can make the difference in an election or a business model, data science as an occupation is gaining ground. But how can you get started working in a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary field that’s so clouded in hype? This insightful book, based on Columbia University’s Introduction to Data Science class, tells you what you need to know.

In many of these chapter-long lectures, data scientists from companies such as Google, Microsoft, and eBay share new algorithms, methods, and models by presenting case studies and the code they use. If you’re familiar with linear algebra, probability, and statistics, and have programming experience, this book is an ideal introduction to data science.

Topics include:

Statistical inference, exploratory data analysis, and the data science process
Algorithms
Spam filters, Naive Bayes, and data wrangling
Logistic regression
Financial modeling
Recommendation engines and causality
Data visualization
Social networks and data journalism
Data engineering, MapReduce, Pregel, and Hadoop
The Data Science Handbook: Advice and Insights from 25 Amazing Data Scientists

The Data Science Handbook contains interviews with 25 of the world s best data scientists. We sat down with them, had in-depth conversations about their careers, personal stories, perspectives on data science and life advice. In The Data Science Handbook, you will find war stories from DJ Patil, US Chief Data Officer and one of the founders of the field. You ll learn industry veterans such as Kevin Novak and Riley Newman, who head the data science teams at Uber and Airbnb respectively. You ll also read about rising data scientists such as Clare Corthell, who crafted her own open source data science masters program. This book is perfect for aspiring or current data scientists to learn from the best. It s a reference book packed full of strategies, suggestions and recipes to launch and grow your own data science career.
Introduction to Machine Learning with Python: A Guide for Data Scientists

Machine learning has become an integral part of many commercial applications and research projects, but this field is not exclusive to large companies with extensive research teams. If you use Python, even as a beginner, this book will teach you practical ways to build your own machine learning solutions. With all the data available today, machine learning applications are limited only by your imagination.

You’ll learn the steps necessary to create a successful machine-learning application with Python and the scikit-learn library. Authors Andreas Müller and Sarah Guido focus on the practical aspects of using machine learning algorithms, rather than the math behind them. Familiarity with the NumPy and matplotlib libraries will help you get even more from this book.

With this book, you’ll learn:

Fundamental concepts and applications of machine learning
Advantages and shortcomings of widely used machine learning algorithms
How to represent data processed by machine learning, including which data aspects to focus on
Advanced methods for model evaluation and parameter tuning
The concept of pipelines for chaining models and encapsulating your workflow
Methods for working with text data, including text-specific processing techniques
Suggestions for improving your machine learning and data science skills

What is Z-Score or Standard Score?

Z-Score or Standard Score in statistics is the signed number of standard deviations by which the value of an observation or data point is above the mean value of what is being observed or measured. Observed values above the mean have positive standard scores, while values below the mean have negative standard scores. The standard score is a dimensionless quantity obtained by subtracting the population mean from an individual raw score and then dividing the difference by the population standard deviation. This conversion process is called standardizing or normalizing (however, “normalizing” can refer to many types of ratios). The score is most frequently used to compare an observation to a standard normal deviate, though it can be defined without assumptions of normality. Computing a z-score requires knowing the mean and standard deviation of the complete population to which a data point belongs, if one only has a sample of observations from the population, then the analogous computation with sample mean and sample standard deviation yields the Student’s t-statistic.

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Recommended reading list:

 

Data Science from Scratch: First Principles with Python

Data science libraries, frameworks, modules, and toolkits are great for doing data science, but they’re also a good way to dive into the discipline without actually understanding data science. In this book, you’ll learn how many of the most fundamental data science tools and algorithms work by implementing them from scratch.

If you have an aptitude for mathematics and some programming skills, author Joel Grus will help you get comfortable with the math and statistics at the core of data science, and with hacking skills you need to get started as a data scientist. Today’s messy glut of data holds answers to questions no one’s even thought to ask. This book provides you with the know-how to dig those answers out.

Get a crash course in Python
Learn the basics of linear algebra, statistics, and probability—and understand how and when they're used in data science
Collect, explore, clean, munge, and manipulate data
Dive into the fundamentals of machine learning
Implement models such as k-nearest Neighbors, Naive Bayes, linear and logistic regression, decision trees, neural networks, and clustering
Explore recommender systems, natural language processing, network analysis, MapReduce, and databases
Practical Statistics for Data Scientists: 50 Essential Concepts

Statistical methods are a key part of of data science, yet very few data scientists have any formal statistics training. Courses and books on basic statistics rarely cover the topic from a data science perspective. This practical guide explains how to apply various statistical methods to data science, tells you how to avoid their misuse, and gives you advice on what's important and what's not.

Many data science resources incorporate statistical methods but lack a deeper statistical perspective. If you’re familiar with the R programming language, and have some exposure to statistics, this quick reference bridges the gap in an accessible, readable format.

With this book, you’ll learn:

Why exploratory data analysis is a key preliminary step in data science
How random sampling can reduce bias and yield a higher quality dataset, even with big data
How the principles of experimental design yield definitive answers to questions
How to use regression to estimate outcomes and detect anomalies
Key classification techniques for predicting which categories a record belongs to
Statistical machine learning methods that “learn” from data
Unsupervised learning methods for extracting meaning from unlabeled data
Doing Data Science: Straight Talk from the Frontline

Now that people are aware that data can make the difference in an election or a business model, data science as an occupation is gaining ground. But how can you get started working in a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary field that’s so clouded in hype? This insightful book, based on Columbia University’s Introduction to Data Science class, tells you what you need to know.

In many of these chapter-long lectures, data scientists from companies such as Google, Microsoft, and eBay share new algorithms, methods, and models by presenting case studies and the code they use. If you’re familiar with linear algebra, probability, and statistics, and have programming experience, this book is an ideal introduction to data science.

Topics include:

Statistical inference, exploratory data analysis, and the data science process
Algorithms
Spam filters, Naive Bayes, and data wrangling
Logistic regression
Financial modeling
Recommendation engines and causality
Data visualization
Social networks and data journalism
Data engineering, MapReduce, Pregel, and Hadoop
The Data Science Handbook: Advice and Insights from 25 Amazing Data Scientists

The Data Science Handbook contains interviews with 25 of the world s best data scientists. We sat down with them, had in-depth conversations about their careers, personal stories, perspectives on data science and life advice. In The Data Science Handbook, you will find war stories from DJ Patil, US Chief Data Officer and one of the founders of the field. You ll learn industry veterans such as Kevin Novak and Riley Newman, who head the data science teams at Uber and Airbnb respectively. You ll also read about rising data scientists such as Clare Corthell, who crafted her own open source data science masters program. This book is perfect for aspiring or current data scientists to learn from the best. It s a reference book packed full of strategies, suggestions and recipes to launch and grow your own data science career.
Introduction to Machine Learning with Python: A Guide for Data Scientists

Machine learning has become an integral part of many commercial applications and research projects, but this field is not exclusive to large companies with extensive research teams. If you use Python, even as a beginner, this book will teach you practical ways to build your own machine learning solutions. With all the data available today, machine learning applications are limited only by your imagination.

You’ll learn the steps necessary to create a successful machine-learning application with Python and the scikit-learn library. Authors Andreas Müller and Sarah Guido focus on the practical aspects of using machine learning algorithms, rather than the math behind them. Familiarity with the NumPy and matplotlib libraries will help you get even more from this book.

With this book, you’ll learn:

Fundamental concepts and applications of machine learning
Advantages and shortcomings of widely used machine learning algorithms
How to represent data processed by machine learning, including which data aspects to focus on
Advanced methods for model evaluation and parameter tuning
The concept of pipelines for chaining models and encapsulating your workflow
Methods for working with text data, including text-specific processing techniques
Suggestions for improving your machine learning and data science skills